The term is used for financially stable companies with a good reputation, and who are well established in their industry. A blue-chip company is expected to be non-cyclical and should deliver attractive profits in good as well as in bad times. Typically, the company is among the top three in its industry with a well-respected brand. The term, as such, originates from poker.Read More »Blue-chip in difficult times?
In the warranty section of a share purchase agreement (SPA), the sellers are required to provide warranties regarding essential circumstances in the company and its operations. The warranties are generally made on the date when the seller and buyer sign the SPA.
Signing and closing
If the closing of the transaction (the point in time when the shares change owners) takes place at a later date than the signing date, it is often a hot topic to agree whether the warranties are made on the date of signing only or at signing and also at closing. Notably, in case there is an extended period between signing and closing, it is reasonable to require the seller to renew its warranties at closing.
It should be noted, however, that sellers never should agree to provide forward-looking warranties, i.e., not give warranties relating to events that may happen in the future. Further, sellers’ warranties should be made by each seller individually and severally, and not jointly and severally.Read More »Sellers’ Warranties
The SHA is an agreement among the largest owners in a company where the parties agree on what rules are to govern important ownership decisions, decisions at meetings of the shareholders and of the board of directors. Customary clauses which regulate joint ownership are clauses which govern business purpose, rights of first refusal, consents, and pre-emptive rights. Among other things, the agreement will regulate:Read More »The Shareholder Agreement – SHA
To own a company, operate on a Board of Directors or have a senior position in a business is a complex and exciting task. To… Read More »Best wished for Christmas and a relaxing holiday